List of Existing Food Additives

This list of food additives from natural origin is complied and published by the Ministry of Health and Welfare on April 16, 1996.

These additives (365 in total as of January 30, 2014) are listed here in alphabetic order. The number preceding the name of each additive is the sequence number given to the corresponding additive in the original Japanese list.

En2014.1.30.pdf
Effective from January 30, 2014

No.

Name

Note

231Absinth extractA substance composed mainly of sesquiterpenes obtained from the whole absinth grass.
10α-Acetolactate Decarboxylase-
142Acid Clay-
143Acid Phosphatase-
3Actinidin-
55Activated Acid Clay-
54Active CarbonA substance obtained by carbonizing and activating carbon-containing substances.
5Acylase-
115'-Adenylic Acid-
2Agarase-
4Agrobacterium succinoglycanA substance composed mainly of succinoglycan obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Agrobacteriurn.
17L-Alanine-
23Alginate Lyase-
22Alginic Acid-
24Aluminium-
191Amino acid-sugar reaction productA substance obtained by heating the mixture of amino acids and monosaccharides.
14Aminopeptidase-
15α-Amylase-
16β-Amylase-
12Annatto ExtractA substance composed mainly of norbixin and bixin obtained from the seed coats of annatto.
25Anthocyanase-
19Arabino galactan-
20L-Arabinose-
21L-Arginine-
141Artemisia sphaerocephala seed gum Artemisia seed gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the seed coats of SABAKU-YOMOGI (Artemisia sphaerocephala KRASCH).
6Ascorbate Oxidase-
7L-Asparagine-
8L-Aspartic Acid-
9Aspergillus terreus glycoproteinA substance composed mainly of glycoprotein obtained from the cultured solution of mould belonging to Aspergillus terreus.
1Aureobasidium cultured solutionA substance composed mainly of beta-1, 3-1, 6-glucan obtained from the cultured solution of yeast belonging to Aureobasidium.
225Bacillus Natto GumA substance composed mainly of polyglutamic acid obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Bacillus natto.
313Bees WaxA substance composed mainly of myricyl palmitate obtained from honeycomb.
248Beet RedA substance composed mainly of betanin and isobetanin obtained from beet roots.
296Bentonite-
283Betaine-
131Bone CharcoalA substance composed mainly of carbon powder and calcium phosphate obtained from bovine bones.
264Brazilian licorice extractA substance composed mainly of peliandorin obtained from Brazilian licorice roots.
271Bromelain-
179Buckwheat ash extractA substance obtained by extraction from the ashes of buckwheat stems or leaves.
260Butane-
49Cacao ColorA substance composed mainly of polymers of anthocyanins obtained from cacao beans.
59Caffeine(Extract)A substance composed mainly of caffeine obtained from coffee beans or tea leaves.
158Calcinated calciumA substance composed mainly of calcium compounds obtained by calcinating sea urchinshells, shells, coral, whey, bones or eggshells.
76Candelilla WaxA substance composed mainly of hentriacontane obtained from candelilla stems.
140Cane waxA substance composed mainly of myricyl palmitate obtained from cane stems.
211Capsicum water-soluble extractA substance composed mainly of water-soluble substances obtained by extraction from capsicum fruits.
64CaramelⅠ(Plain caramel)A substance obtained by heat-treating food-grade carbohydrates including starch hydrolysates, molasses or saccharides, excluding "Caramel II", "Caramel III" and "Caramel IV".
65CaramelⅡ(Sulfite caramel)A substance obtained by adding sulfite compounds to, and heat-treating, food-grade carbohydrates including starch-hydrolysates, molasses or saccharides, excluding "Caramel IV".
66CaramelⅢ(Ammonia caramel)A substance obtained by adding ammonium compounds to, and heat-treating, food-grade carbohydrates including starch-hydrolysates, molasses or saccharides, excluding "Caramel IV".
67CaramelⅣ(Sulfite ammonia caramel)A substance obtained by adding sulfite compounds and ammonium compounds to, and heat-treating, food-grade carbohydrates including starch-hydrolysates, molasses or saccharides.
70Carboxypeptidase-
69Carnauba Wax
Brazil Wax
A substance composed mainly of ceryl hydroxycerotate obtained from the leaves of carnauba trees.
72Carob Bean Gum
Locust Bean Gum
A substance obtained by grinding, or dissolving and precipitating the seed albumens of locust beans.
71Carob Germ ColorA substance obtained by grinding the seed germs of locust beans.
60CarrageenanA substance composed mainly of i-carrageenan, k-carrageenan and l-carrageenan obtained from the whole algae of IBARA-NORI (Hypneaceae hypnea), KIRINSAI (Solieriacea eucheuma), GINNAN-SOU (Gingartinaceae iridaea), SUGI-NORI (Gingartinaceae gigartina), or TSUNOMATA (Gingartinaceae chondrus).
233Carrot CaroteneA substance composed mainly of carotene obtained from carrot roots.
286Carthamus RedA substance composed mainly of carthamin obtained from safflower flowers.
287Carthamus YellowA substance composed mainly of safflor yellow obtained from safflower flowers.
52Cassia gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained by grinding the seeds of EBISU-GUSA-MODOKI (Cassia tora LINN.).
53Catalase-
57Catechin-
176Cellulase-
325CharcoalA substance obtained by carbonizing bamboo or wood.
194Chicle
Chiquibul
Crown gum
Nispero
A substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of sapodilla trees.
198ChilteA substance composed mainly of amyrine acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of chilte trees (Chidoscolus elasticus LUNDELL).
330Chinese Bayberry ExtractA substance obtained by extraction from the fruits, bark, or leaves of Chinese bayberry.
81Chitin-
80Chitinase-
83Chitosan-
82Chitosanase-
114Chlorophyll-
113Chlorophylline-
212CholesterolA substance composed mainly of cholesterol obtained from fish oil or "lanolin".
112Clove extractA substance composed mainly of eugenol obtained from the buds, leaves or flowers of clove.
130Cochineal Extract
Carminic Acid
A substance composed mainly of carminic acid obtained from cochineal insects.
227Coffee bean extractA substance composed mainly of chlorogenic acid and polyphenols obtained from coffee beans.
209Copper-
99Cristobalite-
178Crude magnesium chloride(sea water)A substance composed mainly of magnesium chloride obtained by separating potassium chloride and sodium chloride from sea water.
177Crude potassium chloride(sea water)A substance composed mainly of potassium chloride obtained by separating sodium chloride from sea water.
58CurdlanA substance composed mainly of b-1,3-glucans obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Agrobacterium or Alcaligenes.
145Cyanocobalamin-
150Cyclodextrin-
151Cyclodextrin glucanotransferase-
152L-Cystine-
1555'-Cytidylic Acid-
2025'-Deaminase-
203Depolymerized natural rubberA substance composed mainly of polyisoprenes obtained by decomposing the secretion of para rubber trees.
206Dextran-
205Dextranase-
116Diatomaceous Earth-
208Dunaliella CaroteneA substance composed mainly of b-carotene obtained from the whole alga of dunaliella.
39Elemi resinA substance composed mainly of b-amyrin obtained from the secretion of elemi trees.
126Enzymatically decomposed apple extractA substance composed mainly of catechins and chlorogenic acid obtained by enzymatically decomposing apple fruits
127Enzymatically Decomposed LecithinA substance composed mainly of phosphatidic acid and lysolecithin obtained from vegetable "lecithin" or "yolk lecithin".
137Enzymatically decomposed rice branA substance composed mainly of phytic acid and peptides obtained from dewaxed rice bran.
347Enzymatically Decomposed RutinA substance composed mainly of isoquercitrin obtained from "rutin (extract)".
90Enzymatically hydrolyzed
guar gum
A substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained by grinding and hydrolyzing guar seeds.
125Enzymatically Hydrolyzed
Licorice Extract
A substacne composed mainly of glycyrrhetinic acid-3-glucuronide obtained by enzymatically hydrolyzing a "licorice extract".
122Enzymatically Modified HesperidinA substance obtained by adding glucose to "hesperidin" using cyclodextrin glucosyl transferase.
120Enzymatically Modified IsoquercitrinA substance composed mainly of alpha-glucosylquercetin obtained from "enzymatically decomposed rutin".
124Enzymatically modified lecithinA substance composed mainly of phosphatidylglycerol obtained from "vegetable lecithin" or "yolk lecithin".
121Enzymatically modified naringinA substance composed mainly of a-glucosyinaringin obtained from "naringin".
123Enzymatically Modified Rutin(Extract)A substance composed mainly of a-glucosylrutin obtained from "rutin (extract)".
169Essential oil-removed fennel extractA substance composed mainly of glucosyl sinapiralcohol obtained from fennel seeds.
38Esterase-
37Exomaltotetraohydrolase-
258Ferulic Acid-
254Ficin-
273Fractionated lecithin
Cephalin
Lipoinositol
A substance composed mainly of sphingomyelin, phosphatidyl inositol, phosphatidyl ethanolamine and phosphatidyl choline obtained from "vegetable lecithin" or "yolk lecithin".
265Fructosyl Transferase-
259Fukuronori ExtractA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from FUKURO-NORI (Gloiopeltis furcata POSTEL et RUPR).
252FurcellaranA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the whole algae of furcellaria (Furcellaria fastigiata HUD).
61α-Galactosidase-
62β-Galactosidase(Lactase)-
299Gallic acid-
94Gardenia BlueA substance obtanined by adding b-glucosidase to the mixture of iridoid glycosides obtained from gardenia fruits and protein-decomposed substances.
95Gardenia RedA substance obtained by adding b-glucosidase to the mixture of ester-hydrolysates of iridoid glycosides obtained from gardenia fruits and protein-decomposed substances.
96Gardenia YellowA substance composed mainly of crocin and crocetin obtained from gardenia fruits.
148Gellan GumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Pseudomonas elodea.
117Gentian root extractA substance composed mainly of amarogentin and gentiopicroside obtained from gentian roots or rhizomes (Gentiana lutea LINNE).
157Ginger extractA substance composed mainly of shogaol and zingerol obtained from ginger rhizomes.
100Glucanase-
101Glucoamylase-
102Glucosamine-
107Glucose Isomerase-
108Glucose Oxidase-
103α-Glucosidase-
104β-Glucosidase-
105α-Glucosyltransferase
4-α-Glucanotransferase
6-α-Glucanotransferase
-
106α-Glucosyltransferase Treated SteviaA substance composed mainly of a-glucosylsteviosides obtained from a "stevia extract".
109Glutaminase-
110L-Glutamine-
87Gold-
51Granite porphyry-
263Grape Seed ExtractA substance composed mainly of proanthocyanidins obtained from the seeds of American grapes or grapes
261Grape Skin Color
Grape Skin Extract
A substance composed mainly of anthocyanins obtained from the pericarps of American grapes or grapes.
262Grape skin-derived substanceA substance composed mainly of polyphenols obtained from the pericarps of American grapes or grapes.
111Grapefruit seed extractA substance composed mainly of fatty acids and flavonoids obtained from grapefruit seeds.
91Guaiac resinA substance composed mainly of guaiaconic acid, guaiaretic acid, and b-resin obtained from the trunks/branches of guaiacum trees.
92Guajac resin(extract)A substance composed mainly of a- and b-guaiaconic acids obtained from the secretion of guaiacum trees.
89Guar GumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from guar seeds, excluding "Enzymatically hydrolyzed guar gum".
18Gum Arabic
Arabic Gum
Acacia Gum
A substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the secretion of acacia trees.
56Gum GhattiA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the secretion of ghatti trees (Anogeissus latifolia WALL.).
97Gutta hang kangA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of gutta hang kang trees (Palaquium leiocarpum BOERL.).
98Gutta perchaA substance composed mainly of polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of gutta percha trees (Palaquiurn gutta BURCK.).
292Haematococcus Algae ColorA substance composed mainly of astaxanthin obtained from the whole alga of haematococcus (Haematococcus C.A.AGARCH).
295Helium-
294Heme Iron-
293Hemicellulase-
290Heptane-
282Hesperidin-
281Hesperidinase-
277Hexane-
118Higher fatty acidA substance obtained by hydrolyzing animal or vegetable fats/oils or their hardened fats/oils.
247L-Histidine
170Horseradish extractA substance composed mainly of isothiocyanates obtained from horseradish roots.
244Hyaluronic acid-
163Hydrogen-
249L-Hydroxyproline-
31Inositol-
30Inulinase-
32Invertase-
207Iron-
27Iso-a-bitter acidA substance composed mainly of isohumulones obtained from hop flowers.
26Isoamylase-
28Isomaltodextranase-
156Jamaica quassia extractA substance composed mainly of quassin and neoquassin obtained from the trunks/branches or bark of Jamaica quassia trees.
326Japan waxA substance composed mainly of glycerol palmitate obtained from the fruits of Japanese wax trees (Rhus succedanea LINNE).
50Japanese persimmon colourA substance composed mainly of flavonoids obtained from Japanese persimmon fruits.
149JelutongA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of jelutong trees.
300Jojoba waxA substance composed mainly of icosenyl icosenate obtained from jojoba fruits.
129Kaoliang ColorA substance composed mainly of apigeninidin and luteolinidin obtained from kaoliang seeds.
48Kaolin-
68Karaya GumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the secretion of KARAYA trees (Sterculia urens ROXB.) or silk cotton trees (Cochlospermum gossypium A.P.DeCandolle).
335Lac ColorA substance composed mainly of laccaic acids obtained from the secretion of lac scale insects (Laccifer lacca KERR).
334Lactoferrin ConcentratesA substance composed mainly of lactoferrin obtained from mammals' milk.
333Lactoperoxidase-
336LanolinA substance composed mainly of esters of higher alcohols and a-hydroxylic acids obtained from waxy substances bearing the surface of sheep wool.
351Leche de vacaA substance composed mainly of esters of amyrin obtained from the secretion of leche de vaca trees (Brosimum utile (H.B.K.) PITT.).
353L-Leucine-
74Licorice ExtractA substance composed mainly of glycyrrhizic acid obtained from the roots or rhizomes of Chinese licorice, Xinjiang licorice or licorice.
75Licorice oil extractA substance composed mainly of flavonoids obtained from the roots or rhizomes of Chinese licorice, Xinjiang licorice or licorice.
13Linseed gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from linseeds.
346Linter celluloseA substance composed mainly of cellulose obtained from cotton single pilus.
342Lipase-
343Lipoxygenase-
345Liquid Paraffin-
354Logwood colourA substance composed mainly of haematoxylin obtained from the heart wood of logwood.
340L-Lysine-
341Lysozyme-
304Macrophomopsis GumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the cultured solution of microorganism belonging to Macrophomopsis.
309Maltose Phosphorylase-
310Maltotriohydrolase-
350Mannentake extractA substance obtained by extraction from the mycelium or fruit body of MANNENTAKE (Ganoderma lucidum KARST.) or its cultured solution.
308Marigold ColorA substance composed mainly of xanthophylls obtained from marigold flowers.
307Massaranduba balataA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of massaranduba balata trees.
306Massaranduba chocolateA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of massaranduba chocolate trees.
305Mastic gumA substance composed mainly of masticadienonic acid obtained from the secretion of mastic trees.
321Melaleuca oilA substance composed mainly of essential oil obtained from melaleuca leaves.
319Menaquinone(Extract)
Vitamin K2(Extract)
A substance composed mainly of menaquinone-4 obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Arthrobacter.
320Mevalonic acid-
303Microcrystalline Wax-
245Microcrystalline CelluloseA substance composed mainly of crystalline cellulose obtained from pulp.
246Microfibrillated CelluloseA substance composed mainly of cellulose obtained by microfibrillating pulp or cotton.
162Milt ProteinA substance composed mainly of basic proteins obtained from fish testes.
312Mixed TocopherolsA substance composed mainly of d-a-, d-b-, d-g- and d-d-tocopherols obtained from vegetable oils.
285Monascus ColorA substance composed mainly of ankaflavin and monascolubrin obtained from the cultured solution of mould belonging to Monascus.
284Monascus YellowA substance composed mainly of xanthomonacins obtained from the cultured solution of mould belonging to Monascus.
322Mousouchiku dry distillateA substance obtained by dry distillation from the stems of MOUSOU-CHIKU bamboo (Phyllostachys heterocycla MITF.).
323Mousouchiku extractA substance composed mainly of 2,6-dimethoxy-l,4-bezoquinone obtained from the stem skins of MOUSOU-CHIKU bamboo (Phyllostachys heterocycla MITF).
318Muramidase-
63Mustard ExtractA substance composed mainly of allyl isothiocyanate obtained from Indian mustard seeds.
314MyrrhA substance obtained by extraction from the secretion of myrrh trees.
229Naringin-
228Naringinase-
232Nickel-
230Niger guttaA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of niger gutta trees (Ficus platyphylla DELILE.).
195Nitrogen-
311Non-calcinated calciumA substance composed mainly of calcium salts obtained by drying shells, pearl layers, coral, bones or eggshells.
43Oligogalacturonic acid-
185Onion ColorA substance composed mainly of quercetin obtained from onion bulbs.
46Orange colourA substance composed mainly of carotene and xanthophylls obtained from the fruits or peels of AMA-DAIDAI (Citrus sinensis OSBECK).
45Oregano extractA substance composed mainly of carvacrol and thymol obtained from oregano leaves.
44γ-OryzanolA substance composed mainly of both esters consisting of each combination of sterols and ferulic acid, and triterpene alcohols and ferulic acid obtained from rice bran or germ oil.
144Oxygen-
41Ozokerite-
42Ozone-
241Palladium-
239Palm Oil CaroteneA substance composed mainly of carotene obtained from oil palm fruits.
243Pancreatin-
238Papain-
210Paprika Color
Paprika Oleoresin
A substance composed mainly of capsanthins obtained from capsicum fruits.
242Paraffin Wax-
329Peach gum A substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the secretion of peach trees.
276Pecan nut colourA substance composed mainly of flavonoids obtained from the pericarps or astringent skins of pecan nuts.
279Pectin-
280Pectin DigestsA substance composed mainly of galacturonic acid obtained from "pectin".
278Pectinase-
289Pepsin-
291Peptidase-
153Perilla extractA substance composed mainly of terpenoids obtained from perilla seeds or leaves.
240Perlite-
236Peroxidase-
226Petroleum naphtha-
253Phaffia colourA substance composed mainly of astaxanthins obtained from the cultured solution of yeast belonging to Phaffia.
85Phellodendron bark extractA substance composed mainly of berberine obtained from the bark of phellodendron trees (Phellodendron amurense RUPR.).
297Phosphodiesterase-
298Phospholipase-
255Phytase-
256Phytic AcidA substance composed mainly of inositol hexaphosphate obtained from rice bran or corn seeds.
257Phytin(extract)A substance ccomposed mainly of magnesium inositol hexaphosphate obtained from rice bran or corn seeds.
237Platinum-
302ε-Polylysine-
301Polyphenol Oxidase-
190Powdered bileA substance composed mainly of cholic acid and desoxycholic acid obtained from bile.
274Powdered CelluloseA substance composed mainly of cellulose obtained by decomposing pulp, excluding "Microcrystalline cellulose".
275Powdered rice hullsA substance composed mainly of cellulose obtained from rice hulls.
165Powdered steviaA substance composed mainly of steviol glycosides obtained by grinding stevia leaves.
272L-Proline-
269Propane-
270Propolis extractA substance composed mainly of flavonoids obtained from honeycomb.
268Protease-
139Psyllium Seed GumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the seed coats of blond psyllium.
267Pullulan-
266Pullulanase-
316Purple Corn ColorA substance composed mainly of cyanidine-3-glucoside obtained from corn seeds.
315Purple Sweet Potato ColorA substance composed mainly of cyanidine acylglucosides and peonidin acylglucosides obtained from the tuberous roots of sweet potatos.
317Purple yam colourA substance composed mainly of cyanidine acylglucosides obtained from yam tuberous roots.
93Quercetin-
168Quicklime-
86Quillaia Extract
Quillaja Extract
A substance composed mainly of saponins obtained from the bark of quillaia trees.
332Luo han guo ExtractA substance composed mainly of mogulosides obtained from rakanka fruits (Momordica grosvenori SWINGLE).
84Redbark cinchona extractA substance composed mainly of quinidine, quinine and cinchonine obtained from the bark of redbark cinchona trees.
352Rennet-
135Resin of depolymerized natural rubberA substance composed mainly of diterpenes, triterpenes and tetraterpenes obtained from "rubber".
338L-Rhamnose-
337Rhamsan GumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Alcaligenes.
344D-Ribose-
136Rice Bran Oil ExtractA substance composed mainly of ferulic acid obtained from rice bran oil.
138Rice bran waxA substance composed mainly of myricyl lignocerate obtained from rice bran oil.
29Rice straw ash extractA substance obtained from the ashes of rice stems or leaves.
234Roasted rice bran extractA substance composed mainly of maltol obtained from roasted rice bran.
235Roasted soybean extractA substance composed mainly of maltol obtained from roasted soybean seeds.
357Rosemary extractA substance composed mainly of carnosic acid, carnosol and rosemanol obtained from rosemary leaves or flowers.
355RosidinhaA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of rosidinha trees (Sideroxylon).
356RosinA substance composed mainly of abietic acid obtained from the secretion of pine trees.
134RubberA substance composed mainly of polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of Pararubber trees, excluding "Depolymerized natural rubber".
73Rumput roman extractA substance composed mainly of capillin obtained from the whole grass of rumput roman.
349Ruthenium-
348Rutin(extract)A substance composed mainly of rutin obtained from the whole grass of AZUKI (Azukia angularis OHWl), the buds or flowers of Japanese pagoda trees or the whole buckwheat grass.
173Sage extractA substance composed mainly of carnosic acid and phenolic diterpenes obtained from salvia leaves.
154Sandalwood redA substance composed mainly of santalin obtained from the trunks/branches of red sandalwood trees.
47Seaweed ash extractA substance composed mainly of potassium iodide obtained from the ashes of brown algae.
174Sepiolite-
175L-Serine-
132Sesame seed oil unsaponified matterA substance composed mainly of sesamolin obtained from sesame seeds.
133Sesame straw ash extractA substance obtained by extraction from the ashes of sesami stems or leaves.
146ShellacA substance composed mainly of esters of aleuritic acid and shellolic acid or jalaric acid, obtained from the secretion of scale insects.
147Shellac waxA substance composed mainly of wax obtained from the secretion of scale insects.
88Silver-
115Smoke flavouringsA substance obtained by capturing the gas generated by burning sugar canes, bamboo, corn stalks or wood, or a substance obtained by dry distillation from such materials.
40Sodium chloride-decreased brine(saline lake)A substance composed mainly of salts of alkaline metals or alkaline earth metals obtained by separating sodium chloride from saline lake water.
180Sorva
Leche caspi
A substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of sorva trees.
181SorvinhaA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of sorvinha trees (Couma utilis MUELL.).
182Soybean saponinA substance composed mainly of saponins obtained from soybeans.
167SphingolipidA substance composed mainly of sphingosine derivatives obtained from rice bran.
119Spice extractsSubstances obtained by extraction or steam-distillation from hemp seeds, asafetida, ajowan, anise, angelica, fennel, turmeric, allspice, oregano, orange peel, Chinese pepper, cassia, chamomil, mustard, cardamon, curry leaves, licorice, caraway, gardenia, cumin,cress, clove, poppy seeds, caper, pepper, sesameseeds, coriander, sassafras, saffron, savory, salvia, Japanese pepper, perilla, cinnamon, shallot, juniperberry, ginger, star anise, spearmint, horseradish,celery, sorrel, thyme, onion, tamarind, tarragon, chive, chervil, dill, capsicum, nutmeg, wormwood, nigella, carrot, garlic, basil, parsley, mint, vanilla, paprika, hyssop, fenugreek, peppermint, horsemint, marjoram, MYOGA (Zingiber Mioga ROSC.), lavender, linden, lemongrass, lemonbalm, rose, rosemary, laurel or WASABI (Japanese horseradish), excluding "Turmeric oleoresin", "Oregano extract", "Orange colour", "Mustard extract", "Licorice extract", "Licorice oil extract", "Gardenia yellow", "Clove extract", "Sesame seed oil unsaponified matter", "Perilia extract", "Ginger extract", "Essential oil-removed fennel extract", "Horseradish extract", "Sage extract", "Onion colour", "Tamarind colour", "Tamarind seed gum", "Tannin (extract)", "Paprika colour", "Capsicum water-soluble extract", "Absinth extract", "Carrot carotene", and "Rosemary extract".
166Spirulina ColorA substance composed mainly of phycocyanin obtained from the whole alga of spirulina.
164Stevia extractA substance composed mainly of steviol glycosides obtained by extraction from stevia leaves.
250Sunflower seed extractA substance composed mainly of isochlorogenic acid and chlorogenic acid obtained from sunflower seeds.
189Talc-
186Tamarind ColorA substance composed mainly of fiavonoids obtained from tamarind seeds.
187Tamarind Seed GumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained tamarind seeds.
192Tannase-
193Tannin(extract)A substance composed mainly of tannin and tannic acid obtained from Japanese persimmon fruits, Japanese gall, angelica powder, nutgall or silver wattle bark.
188Tara GumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the seeds of tara trees (Caesalpinia spinosa (MOL.)(O.KUNTZE)).
184Taurine(Extract)A substance composed mainly of taurine obtained from the viscera or meat of fish or mammals.
196Tea dry distillateA substance obtained by dry distillation from tea leaves.
197Tea extractA substance composed mainly of catechins obtained from tea leaves.
183ThaumatinA substance composed mainly of thaumatin obtained from the seeds of Thaumatococcus daniellii.
204Theobromine-
201Thujaplicin(Extract)
Hinokitiol(Extract)
A substance composed mainly of thujaplicins obtained from the trunks/branches or roots of HIBA trees (Thujopsis dolabrate SIEB. et ZUCC.).
327Timber ashA substance obtained by ashing bamboo or wood.
328Timber ash extractA substance obtained by extraction from "timber ashes".
214d-α-Tocopherol-
215d-γ-Tocopherol-
216d-δ-Tocopherol-
213Tocotrienol-
217Tomato ColorA substance composed mainly of lycopene obtained from tomato fruits.
224TororoaoiA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the roots of TORORO-AOI (Abelmoschus manihot MED.).
218Tragacanth GumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the secretion of tragacanth trees.
219Transglucosidase-
220Transglutaminase-
222Trehalose-
223Trehalose Phosphorylase-
221Trypsin-
200TunuA substance composed mainly of amyrine acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of tunu trees (Castilla fallax COOK).
34Turmeric
Oleoresin
Curcumin
A substance composed mainly of curcumin obtained from turmeric rhizomes.
199L-Tyrosine-
36Urease-
35Urushi WaxA substance composed mainly of glycerol palmitate obtained from the fruits of Japanese lacquer trees (Rhus verniciflua STOKES).
160Vegetable carbon blackA substace composed mainly of carbon obtained by carbonizing plants.
161Vegetable lecithinA substance composed mainly of lecithin obtained from rape seeds or soybeans.
159Vegetable SterolA substance composed mainly of phytosterols obtained from oil seeds.
288Venezuelan chicleA substacne composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of Venezuelan chicle trees.
251Vermiculite-
33Welan GumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Alcaligenes.
324Wood chipA substance obtained by grinding the trunk/branches of Siberian filbert or BUNA (Fagus crenata BLUME).
77Xanthan GumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Xanthomonas.
78Xylanase-
79D-Xylose-
128Yeast Cell WallA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the cell walls of yeast belonging to Saccharomyces.
339Yolk lecithinA substance composed mainly of lecithin obtained from egg yolk.
331Yucca Foam ExtractA substance composed mainly of saponins obtained from the whole grass of yucca joshua (Yucca arborescenss TREL.) or yucca schidigera (Yucca schidigera ROEZL ex ORLGIES).
171ZeinA substance composed mainly of vegetable proteins obtained from corn seeds.

Note: The additives listed in No.1 to No.365 do not include substances obtained by causing chemical reactions, excluding decomposition to elements or compounds using chemical means.

The Japan Food Chemical Research Foundation
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