List of Designated Additives

The substances below are the designated food additives appearing in Appended Table 1, as mentioned in Article 12 of the Enforcement Regulations under the Food Sanitation Law. These additives are listed here in alphabetical order. They are 472 in total as of January 15, 2021. The number preceding the name of each additive is the sequence number given to the corresponding additive in the original Japanese table.The names of the substances are translated by the Foundation from the Japanese original.
2021.01.15.pdf

No. Name
16 Acesulfame Potassium(Acesulfame K)
20 Acetaldehyde
332 Glacial Acetic Acid
23 Acetone
22 Acetophenone
17 Acetylated Distarch Adipate
19 Acetylated Distarch Phosphate
18 Acetylated Oxidized Starch
5 Adipic Acid
26 Advantame
32 DL-Alanine
196 Aliphatic Higher Alcohols Ref.
197 Aliphatic Higher Aldehydes (except those generally recognized as highly toxic) Ref.
198 Aliphatic Higher Hydrocarbons (except those generally recognized as highly toxic) Ref.
183 Allyl Cyclohexylpropionate
377 Allyl Hexanoate (Allyl Caproate)
55 Allyl Isothiocyanate (Volatile Oil of Mustard)
446 Aluminum Ammonium Sulfate (Crystal: Ammonium Alum, Dried: Burnt Ammonium Alum)
447 Aluminum Potassium Sulfate (Crystal: Alum or Potassium Alum, Dried: Burnt Alum)
29 (3-Amino-3-carboxypropyl)dimethylsulfonium Chloride
45 Ammonia
36 Ammonium Alginate
248 Ammonium Bicarbonate (Ammonium Hydrogen Carbonate)
245 Ammonium Carbonate
85 Ammonium Chloride
463 Ammonium Dihydrogen Phosphate (Ammonium Phosphate, Monobasic)
33 Ammonium Hydrogen Sulfite Water
46 Ammonium Isovalerate
102 Ammonium Persulfate
448 Ammonium Sulfate
30 Amylalcohol
31 α-Amylcinnamaldehyde (α-Amylcinnamic Aldehyde)
27 Anisaldehyde (p-Methoxybenzaldehyde)
28 β-Apo-8'-carotenal
35 L-Arginine L-Glutamate
41 Argon
388 Aromatic Alcohols Ref.
389 Aromatic Aldehydes (except those generally recognized as highly toxic) Ref.
7 L-Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C)
9 L-Ascorbic Acid 2-Glucoside
12 L-Ascorbic Palmitate (Vitamim C Palmitate)
10 L-Ascorbic Stearate (Vitamin C Stearate)
13 Asparaginase
15 Aspartame (L-α-Aspartyl-L-phenylalanine Methyl Ester)
25 Azoxystrobin
383 Benzaldehyde
42 Benzoic Acid
100 Benzoyl Peroxide
166 Benzyl Acetate
382 Benzyl Alcohol
371 Benzyl Propionate
315 Biotin
317 Bisbentiamine (Benzoylthiamine Disulfide)
402 d-Borneol
355 Butanol
165 Butyl Acetate
356 Butylamine
357 sec-Butylamine
434 Butyl Butyrate
308 Butyl p-Hydroxybenzoate
359 Butylated Hydroxyanisole
192 Butylated Hydroxytoluene
358 Butyraldehyde
430 Butyric Acid
155 Calcium Acetate
38 Calcium Alginate
8 Calcium L-Ascorbate
247 Calcium Carbonate
103 Calcium Carboxymethylcellulose (Calcium Cellulose Glycolate)
87 Calcium Chloride
117 Calcium Citrate
467 Calcium Dihydrogen Phosphate (Calcium Phosphate, Monobasic)
340 Calcium Dihydrogen Pyrophosphate (Acid Calcium Pyrophosphate)
79 Calcium Disodium Ethylenediaminetetraacetate (Calcium Disodium EDTA)
130 Calcium Gluconate
125 Calcium Glycerophosphate
232 Calcium Hydroxide (Slaked Lime)
297 Calcium Lactate
466 Calcium Monohydrogen Phosphate (Calcium Phosphate, Dibasic)
173 Calcium Oxide
313 Calcium Pantothenate
369 Calcium Propionate
440 Calcium 5'-Ribonucleotide
170 Calcium Saccharin
140 Calcium Silicate
244 Calcium Sorbate
236 Calcium Stearate
238 Calcium Stearoyl Lactylate (Calcium Stearyl Lactylate)
450 Calcium Sulfate
106 Canthaxanthin
292 Carbon Dioxide (Carbonic Acid Gas)
105 β-Carotene
111 Chitin-Glucan
290 Chlorine Dioxide
2 Chlorous Acid Water
151 Cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3)
189 1,8-Cineole (Eucalyptol)
230 Cinnamaldehyde (Cinnamic Aldehyde)
142 Cinnamic Acid
159 Cinnamyl Acetate
229 Cinnamyl Alcohol (Cinnamic Alcohols)
186 Citral
113 Citric Acid
187 Citronellal
188 Citronellol
158 Citronellyl Acetate
109 Citronellyl Formate
327 Copolymer of Vinylimidazole/Vinylpyrrolidone (PVI/PVP)
274 Copper Chlorophyll
272 Copper salts (limited to Copper Gluconate and Cupric Sulfate)
157 Cyclohexyl Acetate
433 Cyclohexyl Butyrate
184 L-Cystein Monohydrochloride
262 Decanal (Decyl Aldehyde)
263 Decanol (Decyl Alcohol)
462 Diammonium Hydrogen Phosphate (Ammnonium Phosphate, Dibasic)
193 Dibenzoyl Thiamine
194 Dibenzoyl Thiamine Hydrochloride
182 2,3-Diethyl-5-methylpyrazine
181 2,3-Diethylpyrazine
191 Difenoconazole
294 Dimethyl Dicarbonate
199 2,3-Dimethylpyrazine
200 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine
201 2,6-Dimethylpyrazine
202 2,6-Dimethylpyridine
190 Diphenyl (Biphenyl)
207 Dipotassium DL-Tartrate (Dipotassium dl-Tartrate)
464 Dipotassium Hydrogen Phosphate (Potassium Phosphate, Dibasic)
208 Dipotassium L-Tartrate (Dipotassium d -Tartrate)
185 Disodium 5'-Cytidylate (Sodium 5'-Cytidylate)
341 Disodium Dihydrogen Pyrophosphate (Acid Disodium Pyrophosphate)
80 Disodium Ethylenediaminetetraacetate (Disodium EDTA)
126 Disodium Glycyrrhizinate
112 Disodium 5'-Guanylate (Sodium 5'-Guanylate)
468 Disodium Hydrogen Phosphate (Disodium Phosphate)
64 Disodium 5'-Inosinate (Sodium 5'-Inosinate)
441 Disodium 5'-Ribonucleotide (Sodium 5'-Ribonucleotide)
150 Disodium Succinate
211 Disodium DL-Tartrate (Disodium dl-Tartrate)
212 Disodium L-Tartrate (Disodium d-Tartrate)
67 Disodium 5'-Uridylate (Sodium 5'-Uridylate)
457 Distarch Phosphate
84 Ergocalciferol (Calciferol or Vitamin D2)
82 Erythorbic Acid (Isoascorbic Acid)
69 Ester Gum
70 Esters Ref.
81 Ethers Ref.
154 Ethyl Acetate
21 Ethyl Acetoacetate
432 Ethyl Butyrate
143 Ethyl Cinnamate
264 Ethyl Decanoate (Ethyl Caprate)
71 Mixture of 2-Ethyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazine and 2-Ethyl-3,6-dimethylpyrazine
380 Ethyl Heptanoate (Ethyl Enanthate)
378 Ethyl Hexanoate (Ethyl Caproate)
307 Ethyl p-Hydroxybenzoate
52 Ethyl Isovalerate
75 2-Ethyl-3-methylpyrazine
76 2-Ethyl-5-methylpyrazine
77 2-Ethyl-6-methylpyrazine
78 5-Ethyl-2-methylpyridine
94 Ethyl Octanoate (Ethyl Caprylate)
348 Ethyl Phenylacetate
368 Ethyl Propionate
73 2-Ethylpyrazine
74 3-Ethylpyridine
72 Ethylvanillin
91 Eugenol
195 Fatty Acids Ref.
120 Ferric Ammonium Citrate
88 Ferric Chloride
119 Ferric Citrate
342 Ferric Pyrophosphate
353 Ferrocyanides (limited to Potassium Ferrocyanide (Potassium Hexacyanoferrate(II)), Calcium Ferrocyanide (Calcium Hexacyanoferrate(II)), and Sodium Ferrocyanide (Sodium Hexacyanoferrate(II)))
131 Ferrous Gluconate (Iron Gluconate)
451 Ferrous Sulfate
362 Fludioxonil
429 Folic Acid
225 Food Blue No.1 (Brilliant Blue FCF) and its Aluminum Lake
226 Food Blue No.2 (Indigo Carmine) and its Aluminum Lake
224 Food Green No.3 (Fast Green FCF) and its Aluminum Lake
215 Food Red No.2 (Amaranth) and its Aluminum Lake
216 Food Red No.3 (Erythrosine) and its Aluminum Lake
217 Food Red No.40 (Allura Red AC) and its Aluminum Lake
218 Food Red No.102 (New Coccine)
219 Food Red No.104 (Phloxine)
220 Food Red No.105 (Rose Bengal)
221 Food Red No.106 (Acid Red)
222 Food Yellow No.4 (Tartrazine) and its Aluminum Lake
223 Food Yellow No.5 (Sunset Yellow FCF) and its Aluminum Lake
360 Fumaric Acid
363 Furfurals and its derivatives (except those generally recognized as highly toxic) Ref.
146 Geraniol
156 Geranyl Acetate
108 Geranyl Formate
128 Gluconic Acid
127 Glucono-δ-Lactone (Gluconolactone)
134 L-Glutamic Acid
133 Glutamyl-valyl-glycine
123 Glycerol (Glycerin)
124 Glycerol Esters of Fatty Acids
122 Glycine
376 Hexanoic Acid (Caproic Acid)
379 Hexylamine
147 High-Test Hypochlorite
316 L-Histidine Monohydrochloride
179 Hypobromous Acid Water
90 Hydrochloric Acid
99 Hydrogen Peroxide
321 Hydroxycitronellal
322 Hydroxycitronellal Dimethylacetal
320 1-Hydroxyethylidene-1,1-Diphosphonic Acid
324 Hydroxypropyl Cellulose
323 Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate
326 Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose
325 Hydroxypropyl Starch
177 Hypochlorous Acid Water
65 Imazalil
66 Indoles and its derivatives Ref.
48 Ion Exchange Resin
47 Ionone
298 Iron Lactate
176 Iron Sesquioxide (Diiron Trioxide or Iron Oxide Red)
153 Isoamyl Acetate
49 Isoamyl Alcohol
431 Isoamyl Butyrate
107 Isoamyl Formate
51 Isoamyl Isovalerate
346 Isoamyl Phenylacetate
367 Isoamyl Propionate
57 Isobutanol
59 Isobutylaldehyde (Isobutanal)
58 Isobutylamine
305 Isobutyl p-Hydroxybenzoate
347 Isobutyl Phenylacetate
50 Isoeugenol
63 L-Isoleucine
62 Isopentylamine
60 Isopropanol
61 Isopropylamine
114 Isopropyl Citrate
306 Isopropyl p-Hydroxybenzoate
53 Isoquinoline
54 Isothiocyanates (except those generally recognized as highly toxic) Ref.
56 Isovaleraldehyde
145 Ketones Ref.
295 Lactic Acid
435 Lactones (except those generally recognized as highly toxic) Ref.
439 Linalool
168 Linalyl Acetate
436 L-Lysine L-Aspartate
438 L-Lysine L-Glutamate
437 L-Lysine Monohydrochloride
251 Magnesium Carbonate
89 Magnesium Chloride
234 Magnesium Hydroxide
470 Magnesium Monohydrogen Phosphate
175 Magnesium Oxide
141 Magnesium Silicate
237 Magnesium Stearate
453 Magnesium Sulfate
454 DL-Malic Acid (dl-Malic Acid)
403 Maltol
404 D-Mannitol (D-Mannite)
426 dl-Menthol (dl-Peppermint Camphor)
427 l-Menthol (Peppermint Camphor)
167 l-Menthyl Acetate
405 Metatartaric Acid
408 DL-Methionine
409 L-Methionine
310 p-Methylacetophenone
44 Methyl Anthranilate
418 2-Methylbutanol
419 3-Methyl-2-butanol
422 trans-2-Methyl-2-butenal
423 3-Methyl-2-butenal
424 3-Methyl-2-butenol
421 2-Methylbutyraldehyde
420 2-Methylbutylamine
414 Methyl Cellulose
144 Methyl Cinnamate
413 5-Methyl-6,7-dihydro-5H-cyclopentapyrazine
425 Methyl Hesperidin (Soluble Vitamin P)
415 1-Methylnaphthalene
410 Methyl N-Methylanthranilate
416 Methyl β-Naphthyl Ketone
417 2-Methypyrazine
412 6-Methylquinoline
411 5-Methylquinoxaline
172 Methyl Salicylate
135 Monoammonium L-Glutamate
137 Monocalcium Di-L-Glutamate
139 Monomagnesium Di-L-Glutamate
116 Monopotassium Citrate and Tripotassium Citrate
136 Monopotassium L-Glutamate
14 Monosodium L-Aspartate
361 Monosodium Fumarate (Sodium Fumarate)
138 Monosodium L-Glutamate
149 Monosodium Succinate
458 Monostarch Phosphate
428 Morpholine Salts of Fatty Acids
285 Natamycin (Pimaricin)
300 Neotame
288 Nicotinamide (Niacinamide)
287 Nicotinic Acid (Niacin)
284 Nisin
4 Nitrous Oxide
301 γ-Nonalactone (Nonalactone)
92 Octanal (Caprylic Aldehyde or Octyl Aldehyde)
93 Octanoic Acid
203 Oxalic Acid
174 Oxidized Starch
384 2-Pentanol (sec-Amylalcohol)
386 trans-2-Pentenal
387 1-Penten-3-ol
385 Pentylamine
98 Peracetic Acid
381 l-Perillaldehyde
164 Phenethyl Acetate (Phenylethyl Acetate)
350 Phenethylamine
351 Phenol Ethers (except those generally recognized as highly toxic) Ref.
352 Phenols (except those generally recognized as highly toxic) Ref.
345 L-Phenylalanine
96 o-Phenylphenol and Sodium o-Phenylphenate
349 2-(3-Phenylpropyl)pyridine
472 Phosphated Distarch Phosphate
456 Phosphoric Acid
328 Piperidine
329 Piperonal (Heliotropine)
330 Piperonyl Butoxide
399 Polybutene (Polybutylene)
392 Polyisobutylene (Butyl Rubber)
393 Polysorbate 20
394 Polysorbate 60
395 Polysorbate 65
396 Polysorbate 80
163 Polyvinyl Acetate
398 Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone
397 Polyvinylpyrroridone
37 Potassium Alginate
209 Potassium DL-Bitartrate (Potassium Hydrogen dl-Tartrate or Potassium Hydrogen DL-Tartrate)
210 Potassium L-Bitartrate (Potassium Hydrogend-Tartrate or Potassium HydrogenL-Tartrate)
204 Potassium Bromate
246 Potassium Carbonate (anhydrous)
86 Potassium Chloride
465 Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate (Potassium Phosphate, Monobasic)
129 Potassium Gluconate
231 Potassium Hydroxide (Caustic Potash)
296 Potassium Lactate
406 Potassium Metaphosphate
213 Potassium Nitrate
302 Potassium Norbixin
400 Potassium Polyphosphate
339 Potassium Pyrophosphate (Tetrapotassium Pyrophosphate)
336 Potassium Pyrosulfite (Potassium Hydrogen Sulfite or Potassium Metabisulfite)
243 Potassium Sorbate
449 Potassium Sulfate
364 Propanol
372 Propiconazole
365 Propionaldehyde
366 Propionic Acid
390 Propyl Gallate
309 Propyl p-Hydroxybenzoate
373 Propylamine
374 Propylene Glycol
40 Propylene Glycol Alginate
375 Propylene Glycol Esters of Fatty Acids
354 Psicose Epimerase(Allulose Epimerase)
333 Pyrazine
334 Pyridoxine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B)
335 Pyrimethanil
344 Pyrrole
338 Pyrrolidine
442 Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
444 Riboflavin 5'-Phosphate Sodium (Sodium Riboflavin Phosphate or Sodium Vitamin B2 Phosphate)
443 Riboflavin Tetrabutyrate (Vitamin B2 Tetrabutyrate)
169 Saccharin
291 Silicon Dioxide (Silica Gel)
228 Silicone Resin (Polydimethylsiloxane)
162 Sodium Acetate
39 Sodium Alginate
11 Sodium L-Ascorbate (Vitamin C Sodium)
43 Sodium Benzoate
249 Sodium Bicarbonate (Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate or Bicarbonate Soda)
250 Sodium Carbonate (Crystal: Carbonate Soda, Anhydrous: Soda Ash)
104 Sodium Carboxymethylcellulose (Sodium Cellulose Glycolate)
271 Sodium Carboxymethylstarch
101 Sodium Caseinate
3 Sodium Chlorite
152 Sodium Chondroitin Sulfate
273 Sodium Copper Chlorophyllin
268 Sodium Dehydroacetate
469 Sodium Dihydrogen Phosphate (Sodium Phosphate, Monobasic)
83 Sodium Erythorbate (Sodium Isoascorbate)
118 Sodium Ferrous Citrate (Sodium Iron Citrate)
132 Sodium Gluconate
180 Sodium Hydrosulfite (Hydrosulfite)
233 Sodium Hydroxide (Caustic Soda)
178 Sodium Hypochlorite (Hypochlorite of Soda)
265 Sodium Iron Chlorophyllin
299 Sodium Lactate
455 Sodium DL-Malate (Sodium dl-Malate)
407 Sodium Metaphosphate
286 Sodium Methoxide (Sodium Methylate)
214 Sodium Nitrate
6 Sodium Nitrite
303 Sodium Norbixin
97 Sodium Oleate
314 Sodium Pantothenate
391 Sodium Polyacrylate
401 Sodium Polyphosphate
370 Sodium Propionate
343 Sodium Pyrophosphate (Tetrasodium Pyrophosphate )
337 Sodium Pyrosulfite (Sodium Metabisulfite or Acid Sulfite of Soda)
171 Sodium Saccharin (Soluble Saccharin)
24 Sodium Selenite
239 Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate
452 Sodium Sulfate
34 Sodium Sulfite
242 Sorbic Acid
240 Sorbitan Esters of Fatty Acids
241 D-Sorbitol (D-Sorbit)
161 Starch Acetate
95 Starch Sodium Octenyl Succinate
148 Succinic Acid
235 Sucralose (Trichlorogalactosucrose)
227 Sucrose Esters of Fatty Acids
289 Sulfur Dioxide (Sulfurous Acid Anhydride)
445 Sulfuric Acid
331 Sunflower Lecithin
205 DL-Tartaric Acid (dl-Tartaric Acid)
206 L-Tartaric Acid (d-Tartaric Acid)
270 Terpene Hydrocarbons Ref.
269 Terpineol
160 Terpinyl Acetate
266 5,6,7,8-Tetrahydroquinoxaline
267 2,3,5,6-Tetramethylpyrazine
261 L-Theanine
252 Thiabendazole
255 Thiamine Dicetylsufate (Vitamin B1 Dicetylsufate)
258 Thiamine Dilaurylsulfate (Vitamin B1 Dilaurylsulfate)
253 Thiamine Hydrochloride (Vitamin B1 Hydrochloride)
254 Thiamine Mononitrate (Vitamin B1 Mononitrate)
257 Thiamine Naphthalene-1,5-disulfonate (Vitamin B1 Naphthalene-1,5-disulfonate)
256 Thiamine Thiocyanate (Vitamin B1 Thiocyanate)
259 Thioethers (except those generally recognized as highly toxic) Ref.
260 Thiols (Thioalcohols) (except those generally recognized as highly toxic) Ref.
282 DL-Threonine
283 L-Threonine
293 Titanium Dioxide
275 dl-α-Tocopherol
276 All-rac-α-Tocopheryl Acetate
277 R,R,R-α-Tocopheryl Acetate
460 Tricalcium Phosphate (Calcium Phosphate, Tribasic)
115 Triethyl Citrate
461 Trimagnesium Phosphate (Magnesium Phosphate,Tribasic)
280 Trimethylamine
281 2,3,5-Trimethylpyrazine
459 Tripotassium Phosphate (Potassium Phosphate, Tribasic)
121 Trisodium Citrate (Sodium Citrate)
471 Trisodium Phosphate (Sodium Phosphate, Tribasic)
278 DL-Tryptophan
279 L-Tryptophan
68 γ-Undecalactone (Undecalactone)
312 Valeraldehyde
311 L-Valine
304 Vanillin
318 Vitamin A (Retinol)
319 Vitamin A Esters of Fatty Acids (Retinol Fatty Acids Esters)
110 Xylitol
1 Zinc salts (limited to Zinc Gluconate and Zinc Sulfate)
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