The Japan Food Chemical Research Foundation
Japan's Specifications and Standards (7-Ed.)
E. STANDARDS FOR MANUFACTURING
Top of Japan's Specifications and Standards for Food Additives
E. STANDARDS FOR MANUFACTURING
Standards applying generally to all food additives
1. Acid clay, Bentonite, Diatomaceous earth, Kaolin, Magnesium carbonate, Sand, Silicon dioxide or Talc, or a water-insoluble mineral substance which is similar to these substances shall not be used in manufacturing or processing any food additive, except when the substance is indispensable for manufacturing or processing the additive.
2. Unless otherwise specified, preparations of additives shall be manufactured using only additives (confined to substances designated under Article 6 of the Food Sanitation Law, natural flavoring agents, substances which are generally provided for eating or drinking as foods and which are used as additives, and substances appearing in the
List of Existing Food Additives
: the Ministry of Health and Welfare Announcement, No. 120, April 1996) and foods (the additives and foods used shall comply with the established specifications when they have specifications under Article 7 Paragraph 1 of the same Law; water shall be potable).
Standards applying specifically to individual additives and preparations
(confined to chemically synthesized substances)
"Kansui" shall be manufactured or processed using Potassium carbonate, Sodium carbonate, Sodium hydrogen carbonate, or potassium or sodium salts of phosphoric acids, as ingredients, which comply with each of the established specifications, and shall be a simple substance or mixture of two or more of these compounds, an aqueous solution of a simple substance or mixture, or a substance obtained by distilling a simple substance or mixture with wheat flour.
"Absinth extract," "capsicum water-soluble extract," "carrot carotene," "clove extract," "essential oil-removed fennel extract," "gardenia yellow," "garlic extract," "ginger extract," "horseradish extract," "licorice extract," "licorice oil extract," "mustard extract," "onion color," "orange color," "oregano extract," "paprika color," "pepper extract," "perilla extract," "rosemary extract," "sage extract," "sesame seed oil unsaponified matter," "spice extracts," "tamarind color," "tamarind seed gum," "tannin (extract)," "turmeric oleoresin," "wasabi extract," and "natural flavoring agents"
(hereinafter referred to as the substances only obtained from ajowan, allspice, angelica, anise, asafetida, basil, caraway, cardamom, carrot, caper, capsicum, cassia, celery, chamomile, chervil, Chinese pepper, chive, cinnamon, clove, coriander, cress, cumin, curry leaves, dill, fennel, fenugreek, gardenia, garlic, ginger, hemp seeds, horseradish, horsemint, hyssop, Japanese pepper, juniperberry, laurel, lavender, lemon balm, lemongrass, licorice, linden, marjoram, mint, mustard, MYOGA (
ROSC.), nigella, nutmeg, onion, orange peel, oregano, paprika, parsley, pepper, peppermint, perilla, poppy seeds, rose, rosemary, saffron, salvia, sassafras, savory, sesame seeds, shallot, sorrel, spearmint, star anise, tamarind, tarragon, thyme, turmeric, vanilla, WASABI (Japanese horseradish), or wormwood.)
No solvents other than those appearing in the table given below shall be used for extracting ingredients, when turmeric oleoresin, oregano extract, orange color, mustard extract, licorice extract, licorice oil extract, gardenia yellow, clove extract, spice extracts, sesame seed oil unsaponified matter, perilla extract, ginger extract, essential oil-removed fennel extract, horseradish extract, sage extract, onion color, tamarind color, tamarind seed gum, tannin (extract), paprika color, capsicum water-soluble extract, absinth extract, carrot carotene, garlic extract, pepper extract, rosemary extract, WASABI extract, and natural flavoring agents are manufactured or processed. Among the listed solvents, methanol and 2-propanol shall not remain in a finished food additive at more than 50
g/g, acetone at more than 30
/g, dichloromethane and 1,1,2-trichloroethene at more than 30
/g as the total amount of both solvents, and hexane at more than 25
A list of usable solvents
Acetone; Butane; 1-Butanol; 2-Butanol; Carbon dioxide; Cyclohexane; Dichloromethane; Diethyl ether; Ethanol; Ethyl acetate; Ethyl methyl ketone; Fats and oils for food use; Glycerin; Hexane; Methanol; Methyl acetate; Nitrous oxide; Propane; 1-Propanol; 2-Propanol; Propylene glycol; 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane; 1,1,2- richloroethane; and Water.