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The Japan Food Chemical Research Foundation
List of Existing Food Additives
Last updateF06/30/2014

List of Existing Food Additives

This list of food additives from natural origin is complied and published by the Ministry of Health and Welfare on April 16, 1996.

These additives (365 in total as of January 30, 2014) are listed here in alphabetic order. The number preceding the name of each additive is the sequence number given to the corresponding additive in the original Japanese list.
En2014.1.30.pdfEn2014.1.30.pdf
Effective from January 30, 2014
No.
Name
Note
236
Absinth extractA substance composed mainly of sesquiterpenes obtained from the whole absinth grass.
10
a-Acetolactate decarboxylase-
146
Acid clay-
147
Acid phosphatase-
3
Actinidine-
56
Activated acid clay-
55
Active carbonA substance obtained by carbonizing and activating carbon-containing substances.
5
Acylase-
11
5'-Adenylic acid-
2
Agarase-
4
Agrobacterium succinoglycanA substance composed mainly of succinoglycan obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Agrobacteriurn.
17
L-Alanine-
23
Alginate lyase-
22
Alginic acid-
24
Aluminium-
196
Amino acid-sugar reaction productA substance obtained by heating the mixture of amino acids and monosaccharides.
14
Aminopeptidase-
15
alpha-Amylase-
16
beta-Amylase-
12
Annatto extractA substance composed mainly of norbixin and bixin obtained from the seed coats of annatto.
25
Anthocyanase-
19
Arabino galactan-
20
L-Arabinose-
21
L-Arginine-
145
Artemisia sphaerocephala seed gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the seed coats of SABAKU-YOMOGI (Artemisia sphaerocephala KRASCH).
6
Ascorbate oxidase-
7
L-Asparagine-
8
L-Aspartic acid-
9
Aspergillus terreus glycoproteinA substance composed mainly of glycoprotein obtained from the cultured solution of mould belonging to Aspergillus terreus.
1
Aureobasidium cultured solutionA substance composed mainly of beta-1, 3-1, 6-glucan obtained from the cultured solution of yeast belonging to Aureobasidium.
230
Bacillus natto gumA substance composed mainly of polyglutamic acid obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Bacillus natto.
320
Bees waxA substance composed mainly of myricyl palmitate obtained from honeycomb.
253
Beet redA substance composed mainly of betanin and isobetanin obtained from beet roots.
303
Bentonite-
290
Betaine-
135
Bone carbon blackA substance composed mainly of carbon obtained by carbonizing bones.
134
Bone charcoalA substance composed mainly of carbon powder and calcium phosphate obtained from bovine bones.
270
Brazilian licorice extractA substance composed mainly of peliandorin obtained from Brazilian licorice roots.
277
Bromelain-
184
Buckwheat ash extractA substance obtained by extraction from the ashes of buckwheat stems or leaves.
266
Butane-
50
Cacao colourA substance composed mainly of polymers of anthocyanins obtained from cacao beans.
60
Caffeine (extract)A substance composed mainly of caffeine obtained from coffee beans or tea leaves.
163
Calcinated calciumA substance composed mainly of calcium compounds obtained by calcinating sea urchinshells, shells, coral, whey, bones or eggshells.
77
Candelilla waxA substance composed mainly of hentriacontane obtained from candelilla stems.
144
Cane waxA substance composed mainly of myricyl palmitate obtained from cane stems.
216
Capsicum water-soluble extractA substance composed mainly of water-soluble substances obtained by extraction from capsicum fruits.
65
Caramel I (plain)A substance obtained by heat-treating food-grade carbohydrates including starch hydrolysates, molasses or saccharides, excluding "Caramel II", "Caramel III" and "Caramel IV".
66
Caramel II (caustic sulfite process)A substance obtained by adding sulfite compounds to, and heat-treating, food-grade carbohydrates including starch-hydrolysates, molasses or saccharides, excluding "Caramel IV".
67
Caramel III (ammonia process)A substance obtained by adding ammonium compounds to, and heat-treating, food-grade carbohydrates including starch-hydrolysates, molasses or saccharides, excluding "Caramel IV".
68
Caramel IV (sulfite ammonia process)A substance obtained by adding sulfite compounds and ammonium compounds to, and heat-treating, food-grade carbohydrates including starch-hydrolysates, molasses or saccharides.
71
Carboxypeptidase-
70
Carnauba waxA substance composed mainly of ceryl hydroxycerotate obtained from the leaves of carnauba trees.
73
Carob bean gumA substance obtained by grinding, or dissolving and precipitating the seed albumens of locust beans.
72
Carob germ colourA substance obtained by grinding the seed germs of locust beans.
61
CarrageenanA substance composed mainly of i-carrageenan, k-carrageenan and l-carrageenan obtained from the whole algae of IBARA-NORI (Hypneaceae hypnea), KIRINSAI (Solieriacea eucheuma), GINNAN-SOU (Gingartinaceae iridaea), SUGI-NORI (Gingartinaceae gigartina), or TSUNOMATA (Gingartinaceae chondrus).
238
Carrot caroteneA substance composed mainly of carotene obtained from carrot roots.
293
Carthamus redA substance composed mainly of carthamin obtained from safflower flowers.
294
Carthamus yellowA substance composed mainly of safflor yellow obtained from safflower flowers.
53
Cassia gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained by grinding the seeds of EBISU-GUSA-MODOKI (Cassia tora LINN.).
54
Catalase-
58
Catechin-
181
Cellulase-
332
CharcoalA substance obtained by carbonizing bamboo or wood.
199
ChicleA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of sapodilla trees.
203
ChilteA substance composed mainly of amyrine acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of chilte trees (Chidoscolus elasticus LUNDELL).
337
Chinese bayberry extractA substance obtained by extraction from the fruits, bark, or leaves of Chinese bayberry.
82
Chitin-
81
Chitinase-
84
Chitosan-
83
Chitosanase-
117
Chlorophyll-
116
Chlorophylline -
217
CholesterolA substance composed mainly of cholesterol obtained from fish oil or "lanolin".
115
Clove extractA substance composed mainly of eugenol obtained from the buds, leaves or flowers of clove.
133
Cochineal extractA substance composed mainly of carminic acid obtained from cochineal insects.
232
Coffee bean extractA substance composed mainly of chlorogenic acid and polyphenols obtained from coffee beans.
214
Copper-
101
Cristobalite-
183
Crude magnesium chloride (sea water)A substance composed mainly of magnesium chloride obtained by separating potassium chloride and sodium chloride from sea water.
182
Crude potassium chloride (sea water)A substance composed mainly of potassium chloride obtained by separating sodium chloride from sea water.
59
CurdlanA substance composed mainly of b-1,3-glucans obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Agrobacterium or Alcaligenes.
150
Cyanocobalamin-
155
Cyclodextrin-
156
Cyclodextrin glucanotransferase-
157
L-Cystine-
160
5'-Cytidylic acid-
207
5'-Deaminase-
208
Depolymerized natural rubberA substance composed mainly of polyisoprenes obtained by decomposing the secretion of para rubber trees.
211
Dextran-
210
Dextranase-
119
Diatomaceous earth-
213
Dunaliella caroteneA substance composed mainly of b-carotene obtained from the whole alga of dunaliella.
40
Elemi resinA substance composed mainly of b-amyrin obtained from the secretion of elemi trees.
129
Enzymatically decomposed apple extractA substance composed mainly of catechins and chlorogenic acid obtained by enzymatically decomposing apple fruits
130
Enzymatically decomposed lecithinA substance composed mainly of phosphatidic acid and lysolecithin obtained from vegetable "lecithin" or "yolk lecithin".
141
Enzymatically decomposed rice branA substance composed mainly of phytic acid and peptides obtained from dewaxed rice bran.
354
Enzymatically decomposed rutinA substance composed mainly of isoquercitrin obtained from "rutin (extract)".
92
Enzymatically hydrolyzed guar gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained by grinding and hydrolyzing guar seeds.
128
Enzymatically hydrolyzed licorice extractA substacne composed mainly of glycyrrhetinic acid-3-glucuronide obtained by enzymatically hydrolyzing a "licorice extract".
125
Enzymatically modified hesperidinA substance obtained by adding glucose to "hesperidin" using cyclodextrin glucosyl transferase.
123
Enzymatically modified isoquercitrinA substance composed mainly of alpha-glucosylquercetin obtained from "enzymatically decomposed rutin".
127
Enzymatically modified lecithinA substance composed mainly of phosphatidylglycerol obtained from "vegetable lecithin" or "yolk lecithin".
124
Enzymatically modified naringinA substance composed mainly of a-glucosyinaringin obtained from "naringin".
126
Enzymatically modified rutin (extract)A substance composed mainly of a-glucosylrutin obtained from "rutin (extract)".
174
Essential oil-removed fennel extractA substance composed mainly of glucosyl sinapiralcohol obtained from fennel seeds.
39
Esterase-
38
Exomaltotetraohydrolase-
263
Ferritin-
264
Ferulic acid-
259
Ficin-
87
Fish scale foilA substance obtained by extraction from the epithelium of fish.
279
Fractionated lecithinA substance composed mainly of sphingomyelin, phosphatidyl inositol, phosphatidyl ethanolamine and phosphatidyl choline obtained from "vegetable lecithin" or "yolk lecithin".
271
Fructosyl transferase-
265
Fukuronori extractA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from FUKURO-NORI (Gloiopeltis furcata POSTEL et RUPR).
257
FurcellaranA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the whole algae of furcellaria (Furcellaria fastigiata HUD).
62
a-Galactosidase-
63
b-Galactosidase (Lactase)-
306
Gallic acid-
96
Gardenia blueA substance obtanined by adding b-glucosidase to the mixture of iridoid glycosides obtained from gardenia fruits and protein-decomposed substances.
97
Gardenia redA substance obtained by adding b-glucosidase to the mixture of ester-hydrolysates of iridoid glycosides obtained from gardenia fruits and protein-decomposed substances.
98
Gardenia yellowA substance composed mainly of crocin and crocetin obtained from gardenia fruits.
153
Gellan gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Pseudomonas elodea.
120
Gentian root extractA substance composed mainly of amarogentin and gentiopicroside obtained from gentian roots or rhizomes (Gentiana lutea LINNE).
162
Ginger extractA substance composed mainly of shogaol and zingerol obtained from ginger rhizomes.
102
Glucanase-
103
Glucoamylase-
104
Glucosamine-
109
Glucose isomerase-
110
Glucose oxidase-
105
a-Glucosidase-
106
b-Glucosidase-
107
a-Glucosyltransferase -
108
a-Glucosyltransferase-treated steviaA substance composed mainly of a-glucosylsteviosides obtained from a "stevia extract".
111
Glutaminase-
112
L-Glutamine-
89
Gold-
52
Granite porphyry-
269
Grape seed extractA substance composed mainly of proanthocyanidins obtained from the seeds of American grapes or grapes
267
Grape skin colourA substance composed mainly of anthocyanins obtained from the pericarps of American grapes or grapes.
268
Grape skin-derived substanceA substance composed mainly of polyphenols obtained from the pericarps of American grapes or grapes.
113
Grapefruit seed extractA substance composed mainly of fatty acids and flavonoids obtained from grapefruit seeds.
93
Guaiac resin (Guajac resin)A substance composed mainly of guaiaconic acid, guaiaretic acid, and b-resin obtained from the trunks/branches of guaiacum trees.
94
Guajac resin (extract)A substance composed mainly of a- and b-guaiaconic acids obtained from the secretion of guaiacum trees.
91
Guar gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from guar seeds, excluding "Enzymatically hydrolyzed guar gum".
18
Gum ArabicA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the secretion of acacia trees.
57
Gum ghattiA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the secretion of ghatti trees (Anogeissus latifolia WALL.).
99
Gutta hang kangA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of gutta hang kang trees (Palaquium leiocarpum BOERL.).
100
Gutta perchaA substance composed mainly of polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of gutta percha trees (Palaquiurn gutta BURCK.).
299
Haematococcus algae colourA substance composed mainly of astaxanthin obtained from the whole alga of haematococcus (Haematococcus C.A.AGARCH).
287
Hego-ginkgo leaf extractA substance obtained by extraction from the leaves of HEGO (Cyathea fauriei COPEL) and ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba LINNE).
302
Helium-
301
Heme iron-
300
Hemicellulase-
297
Heptane-
289
Hesperidin-
288
Hesperidinase-
283
Hexane-
121
Higher fatty acidA substance obtained by hydrolyzing animal or vegetable fats/oils or their hardened fats/oils.
252
L- Histidine
175
Horseradish extractA substance composed mainly of isothiocyanates obtained from horseradish roots.
249
Hyaluronic acid-
168
Hydrogen-
254
L-Hydroxyproline-
32
Inositol-
31
Inulinase-
33
Invertase-
212
Iron-
27
Iso-a-bitter acidA substance composed mainly of isohumulones obtained from hop flowers.
26
Isoamylase-
28
Isomaltodextranase-
29
Itaconic acid-
161
Jamaica quassia extractA substance composed mainly of quassin and neoquassin obtained from the trunks/branches or bark of Jamaica quassia trees.
333
Japan waxA substance composed mainly of glycerol palmitate obtained from the fruits of Japanese wax trees (Rhus succedanea LINNE).
51
Japanese persimmon colourA substance composed mainly of flavonoids obtained from Japanese persimmon fruits.
154
JelutongA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of jelutong trees.
307
Jojoba waxA substance composed mainly of icosenyl icosenate obtained from jojoba fruits.
132
Kaoliang colourA substance composed mainly of apigeninidin and luteolinidin obtained from kaoliang seeds.
49
Kaolin-
69
Karaya gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the secretion of KARAYA trees (Sterculia urens ROXB.) or silk cotton trees (Cochlospermum gossypium A.P.DeCandolle).
114
Kooroo colour [Matsudai colour]A substance obtained by extraction from the roots of SOMEMONO-IMO (Dioscorea matsudai HAYATA).
342
Lac colourA substance composed mainly of laccaic acids obtained from the secretion of lac scale insects (Laccifer lacca KERR).
341
Lactoferrin concentratesA substance composed mainly of lactoferrin obtained from mammals' milk.
340
Lactoperoxidase-
343
LanolinA substance composed mainly of esters of higher alcohols and a-hydroxylic acids obtained from waxy substances bearing the surface of sheep wool.
358
Leche de vacaA substance composed mainly of esters of amyrin obtained from the secretion of leche de vaca trees (Brosimum utile (H.B.K.) PITT.).
361
L-Leucine-
359
LevanA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Bacillus subtilis.
75
Licorice extractA substance composed mainly of glycyrrhizic acid obtained from the roots or rhizomes of Chinese licorice, Xinjiang licorice or licorice.
76
Licorice oli extractA substance composed mainly of flavonoids obtained from the roots or rhizomes of Chinese licorice, Xinjiang licorice or licorice.
13
Linseed gum A substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from linseeds.
353
Linter celluloseA substance composed mainly of cellulose obtained from cotton single pilus.
349
Lipase-
350
Lipoxygenase-
352
Liquid paraffin-
362
Logwood colourA substance composed mainly of haematoxylin obtained from the heart wood of logwood.
347
L-Lysine-
348
Lysozyme-
311
Macrophomopsis gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the cultured solution of microorganism belonging to Macrophomopsis.
316
Maltose phosphorylase-
317
Maltotriohydrolase-
357
Mannentake extractA substance obtained by extraction from the mycelium or fruit body of MANNENTAKE (Ganoderma lucidum KARST.) or its cultured solution.
315
Marigold colourA substance composed mainly of xanthophylls obtained from marigold flowers.
314
Massaranduba balataA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of massaranduba balata trees.
313
Massaranduba chocolateA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of massaranduba chocolate trees.
312
Mastic gumA substance composed mainly of masticadienonic acid obtained from the secretion of mastic trees.
328
Melaleuca oilA substance composed mainly of essential oil obtained from melaleuca leaves.
326
Menaquinone (extract) A substance composed mainly of menaquinone-4 obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Arthrobacter.
327
Mevalonic acid-
310
Microcrystallin wax-
250
Microcrystalline celluloseA substance composed mainly of crystalline cellulose obtained from pulp.
251
Microfibrillated celluloseA substance composed mainly of cellulose obtained by microfibrillating pulp or cotton.
167
Milt proteinA substance composed mainly of basic proteins obtained from fish testes.
319
Mixed tocopherolsA substance composed mainly of d-a-, d-b-, d-g- and d-d-tocopherols obtained from vegetable oils.
292
Monascus colourA substance composed mainly of ankaflavin and monascolubrin obtained from the cultured solution of mould belonging to Monascus.
291
Monascus yellowA substance composed mainly of xanthomonacins obtained from the cultured solution of mould belonging to Monascus.
329
Mousouchiku dry distillateA substance obtained by dry distillation from the stems of MOUSOU-CHIKU bamboo (Phyllostachys heterocycla MITF.).
330
Mousouchiku extractA substance composed mainly of 2,6-dimethoxy-l,4-bezoquinone obtained from the stem skins of MOUSOU-CHIKU bamboo (Phyllostachys heterocycla MITF).
325
Muramidase-
64
Mustard extractA substance composed mainly of allyl isothiocyanate obtained from Indian mustard seeds.
321
MyrrhA substance obtained by extraction from the secretion of myrrh trees.
234
Naringin-
233
Naringinase-
237
Nickel-
235
Niger guttaA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of niger gutta trees (Ficus platyphylla DELILE.).
200
Nitrogen-
318
Non-calcinated calciumA substance composed mainly of calcium salts obtained by drying shells, pearl layers, coral, bones or eggshells.
44
Oligogalacturonic acid-
190
Onion colourA substance composed mainly of quercetin obtained from onion bulbs.
47
Orange colourA substance composed mainly of carotene and xanthophylls obtained from the fruits or peels of AMA-DAIDAI (Citrus sinensis OSBECK).
46
Oregano extractA substance composed mainly of carvacrol and thymol obtained from oregano leaves.
45
g-OryzanolA substance composed mainly of both esters consisting of each combination of sterols and ferulic acid, and triterpene alcohols and ferulic acid obtained from rice bran or germ oil.
148
Oxygen-
42
Ozokerite-
43
Ozone-
246
Palladium-
244
Palm oil caroteneA substance composed mainly of carotene obtained from oil palm fruits.
248
Pancreatin-
243
Papain-
215
Paprika colourA substance composed mainly of capsanthins obtained from capsicum fruits.
247
Paraffin wax-
336
Peach gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the secretion of peach trees.
282
Pecan nut colourA substance composed mainly of flavonoids obtained from the pericarps or astringent skins of pecan nuts.
285
Pectin-
286
Pectin digestsA substance composed mainly of galacturonic acid obtained from "pectin".
284
Pectinase-
296
Pepsin-
298
Peptidase-
158
Perilla extractA substance composed mainly of terpenoids obtained from perilla seeds or leaves.
245
Perlite-
241
Peroxidase-
231
Petroleum naphtha-
258
Phaffia colourA substance composed mainly of astaxanthins obtained from the cultured solution of yeast belonging to Phaffia.
86
Phellodendron bark extract A substance composed mainly of berberine obtained from the bark of phellodendron trees (Phellodendron amurense RUPR.).
304
Phosphodiesterase-
305
Phospholipase-
260
Phytase-
261
Phytic acidA substance composed mainly of inositol hexaphosphate obtained from rice bran or corn seeds.
262
Phytin (extract)A substance ccomposed mainly of magnesium inositol hexaphosphate obtained from rice bran or corn seeds.
242
Platinum-
309
e-Polylysine-
308
Polyphenol oxidase-
195
Powdered bileA substance composed mainly of cholic acid and desoxycholic acid obtained from bile.
280
Powdered celluloseA substance composed mainly of cellulose obtained by decomposing pulp, excluding "Microcrystalline cellulose".
281
Powdered rice hullsA substance composed mainly of cellulose obtained from rice hulls.
170
Powdered steviaA substance composed mainly of steviol glycosides obtained by grinding stevia leaves.
278
L-Proline-
275
Propane-
276
Propoils extractA substance composed mainly of flavonoids obtained from honeycomb.
274
Protease-
143
Psyllium seed gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the seed coats of blond psyllium.
273
Pullulan-
272
Pullulanase-
323
Purple corn colourA substance composed mainly of cyanidine-3-glucoside obtained from corn seeds.
322
Purple sweet potato colourA substance composed mainly of cyanidine acylglucosides and peonidin acylglucosides obtained from the tuberous roots of sweet potatos.
324
Purple yam colourA substance composed mainly of cyanidine acylglucosides obtained from yam tuberous roots.
95
Quercetin-
173
Quicklime-
88
Quillaia extract (Quillaja extract)A substance composed mainly of saponins obtained from the bark of quillaia trees.
339
Rakanka extractA substance composed mainly of mogulosides obtained from rakanka fruits (Momordica grosvenori SWINGLE).
85
Redbark cinchona extractA substance composed mainly of quinidine, quinine and cinchonine obtained from the bark of redbark cinchona trees.
360
Rennet-
139
Resin of depolymerized natural rubberA substance composed mainly of diterpenes, triterpenes and tetraterpenes obtained from "rubber".
345
L-Rhamnose-
344
Rhamsan gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Alcaligenes.
351
D-Ribose-
140
Rice bran oil extractA substance composed mainly of ferulic acid obtained from rice bran oil.
142
Rice bran waxA substance composed mainly of myricyl lignocerate obtained from rice bran oil.
30
Rice straw ash extractA substance obtained from the ashes of rice stems or leaves.
239
Roasted rice bran extractA substance composed mainly of maltol obtained from roasted rice bran.
240
Roasted soybean extractA substance composed mainly of maltol obtained from roasted soybean seeds.
365
Rosemary extractA substance composed mainly of carnosic acid, carnosol and rosemanol obtained from rosemary leaves or flowers.
363
RosidinhaA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of rosidinha trees (Sideroxylon).
364
RosinA substance composed mainly of abietic acid obtained from the secretion of pine trees.
138
RubberA substance composed mainly of polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of Pararubber trees, excluding "Depolymerized natural rubber".
74
Rumput roman extractA substance composed mainly of capillin obtained from the whole grass of rumput roman.
356
Ruthenium-
355
Rutin (extract)A substance composed mainly of rutin obtained from the whole grass of AZUKI (Azukia angularis OHWl), the buds or flowers of Japanese pagoda trees or the whole buckwheat grass.
178
Sage extractA substance composed mainly of carnosic acid and phenolic diterpenes obtained from salvia leaves.
159
Sandalwood redA substance composed mainly of santalin obtained from the trunks/branches of red sandalwood trees.
48
Seaweed ash extractA substance composed mainly of potassium iodide obtained from the ashes of brown algae.
179
Sepiolite-
180
L-Serine-
136
Sesame seed oil unsaponified matterA substance composed mainly of sesamolin obtained from sesame seeds.
137
Sesami straw ash extarctA substance obtained by extraction from the ashes of sesami stems or leaves.
149
Shea nut colourA substance obtained from the fruits or seed coats of shea.
151
ShellacA substance composed mainly of esters of aleuritic acid and shellolic acid or jalaric acid, obtained from the secretion of scale insects.
152
Shellac waxA substance composed mainly of wax obtained from the secretion of scale insects.
90
Silver-
118
Smoke flavouringsA substance obtained by capturing the gas generated by burning sugar canes, bamboo, corn stalks or wood, or a substance obtained by dry distillation from such materials.
41
Sodium chloride-decreased brine (saline lake)A substance composed mainly of salts of alkaline metals or alkaline earth metals obtained by separating sodium chloride from saline lake water.
185
SorvaA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of sorva trees.
186
SorvinhaA substance composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of sorvinha trees (Couma utilis MUELL.).
187
Soybean saponinA substance composed mainly of saponins obtained from soybeans.
172
SphingolipidA substance composed mainly of sphingosine derivatives obtained from rice bran.
122
Spice extractsSubstances obtained by extraction or steam-distillation from hemp seeds, asafetida, ajowan, anise, angelica, fennel, turmeric, allspice, oregano, orange peel, Chinese pepper, cassia, chamomil, mustard, cardamon, curry leaves, licorice, caraway, gardenia, cumin,cress, clove, poppy seeds, caper, pepper, sesameseeds, coriander, sassafras, saffron, savory, salvia, Japanese pepper, perilla, cinnamon, shallot, juniperberry, ginger, star anise, spearmint, horseradish,celery, sorrel, thyme, onion, tamarind, tarragon, chive, chervil, dill, capsicum, nutmeg, wormwood, nigella, carrot, garlic, basil, parsley, mint, vanilla, paprika, hyssop, fenugreek, peppermint, horsemint, marjoram, MYOGA (Zingiber Mioga ROSC.), lavender, linden, lemongrass, lemonbalm, rose, rosemary, laurel or WASABI (Japanese horseradish), excluding "Turmeric oleoresin", "Oregano extract", "Orange colour", "Mustard extract", "Licorice extract", "Licorice oil extract", "Gardenia yellow", "Clove extract", "Sesame seed oil unsaponified matter", "Perilia extract", "Ginger extract", "Essential oil-removed fennel extract", "Horseradish extract", "Sage extract", "Onion colour", "Tamarind colour", "Tamarind seed gum", "Tannin (extract)", "Paprika colour", "Capsicum water-soluble extract", "Absinth extract", "Carrot carotene", and "Rosemary extract".
171
Spirulina colourA substance composed mainly of phycocyanin obtained from the whole alga of spirulina.
169
Stevia extractA substance composed mainly of steviol glycosides obtained by extraction from stevia leaves.
255
Sunflower seed extractA substance composed mainly of isochlorogenic acid and chlorogenic acid obtained from sunflower seeds.
194
Talc-
191
Tamarind colourA substance composed mainly of fiavonoids obtained from tamarind seeds.
192
Tamarind seed gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained tamarind seeds.
197
Tannase-
198
Tannin (extract)A substance composed mainly of tannin and tannic acid obtained from Japanese persimmon fruits, Japanese gall, angelica powder, nutgall or silver wattle bark.
193
Tara gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the seeds of tara trees (Caesalpinia spinosa (MOL.)(O.KUNTZE)).
189
Taurine (extract)A substance composed mainly of taurine obtained from the viscera or meat of fish or mammals.
201
Tea dry distillateA substance obtained by dry distillation from tea leaves.
202
Tea extractA substance composed mainly of catechins obtained from tea leaves.
188
ThaumatinA substance composed mainly of thaumatin obtained from the seeds of Thaumatococcus daniellii.
209
Theobromine-
206
Thujaplicin (extract) A substance composed mainly of thujaplicins obtained from the trunks/branches or roots of HIBA trees (Thujopsis dolabrate SIEB. et ZUCC.).
334
Timber ashA substance obtained by ashing bamboo or wood.
335
Timber ash extractA substance obtained by extraction from "timber ashes".
219
d-a-Tocopherol-
220
d-g-Tocopherol-
221
d-d-Tocopherol-
218
Tocotrienol-
222
Tomato colourA substance composed mainly of lycopene obtained from tomato fruits.
229
TororoaoiA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the roots of TORORO-AOI (Abelmoschus manihot MED.).
223
Tragacanth gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the secretion of tragacanth trees.
224
Transglucosidase-
225
Transglutaminase-
227
Trehalose-
228
Trehalose phosphorylase-
226
Trypsin-
205
TunuA substance composed mainly of amyrine acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of tunu trees (Castilla fallax COOK).
35
Turmeric oleoresin [Curcumin]A substance composed mainly of curcumin obtained from turmeric rhizomes.
204
L-Tyrosine-
37
Urease-
36
Urushi waxA substance composed mainly of glycerol palmitate obtained from the fruits of Japanese lacquer trees (Rhus verniciflua STOKES).
165
Vegetable carbon blackA substace composed mainly of carbon obtained by carbonizing plants.
166
Vegetable lecithinA substance composed mainly of lecithin obtained from rape seeds or soybeans.
164
Vegetable sterolA substance composed mainly of phytosterols obtained from oil seeds.
295
Venezuelan chicleA substacne composed mainly of amyrin acetate and polyisoprenes obtained from the secretion of Venezuelan chicle trees.
256
Vermiculite-
34
Welan gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Alcaligenes.
331
Wood chipA substance obtained by grinding the trunk/branches of Siberian filbert or BUNA (Fagus crenata BLUME).
78
Xanthan gumA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the cultured solution of bacteria belonging to Xanthomonas.
79
Xylanase-
80
D-Xylose-
131
Yeast cell walA substance composed mainly of polysaccharides obtained from the cell walls of yeast belonging to Saccharomyces.
346
Yolk lecithinA substance composed mainly of lecithin obtained from egg yolk.
338
Yucca foam extractA substance composed mainly of saponins obtained from the whole grass of yucca joshua (Yucca arborescenss TREL.) or yucca schidigera (Yucca schidigera ROEZL ex ORLGIES).
176
ZeinA substance composed mainly of vegetable proteins obtained from corn seeds.
177
Zeolite-
Note: The additives listed in No.1 to No.365 do not include substances obtained by causing chemical reactions, excluding decomposition to elements or compounds using chemical means.